The Analysis of Characters, Characterizations, and Psychological Defense Mechanisms in Guy de Maupassant’s The Diamond Necklace

No.

Characters

Characterizations

Psychological Defence Mechanisms

1.

Mathilde Loisel –          Round and dynamic.

–          Has a desire to be envied.

–          Jealous.

–          Never satisfied.

–          Longs for a wealthy life style, which contrasts with her real life.

–          Selfish (beautiful, charming, middle class, spoiled, daydreamed).

–          Aged quickly.

–          Heavy rough.

–          Harsh.

–          Shrill voice.

–          Poor.

–          Snobby.

–       Substitution

–       Regression

–       Sublimation

–       Identification

–       Scapegoating

–       Aggression

2.

Monsieur Loisel –          Optimistic.

–          Happy with his life.

–          Practical.

–          Manipulated by his wife.

–          Kind.

–          Generous.

–          Loyal hard-working.

–          Clerk for Ministry of Public Instruction.

–          Wants to please wife.

–          Middle class.

–       Repression

–       Rationalisation

–       Intellectualisation

3.

Jeanne Forestier –          Kind.

–          Generous.

–          Wealthy.

–       Substitution

–       Repression

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