The Analysis of Guy de Maupassant’s The Diamond Necklace: A Feminist Approach

1.   Feminist Theory

Social Feminists

2.   Concepts and Terms

a.   Patriarchy

  1. The woman’s surname is usually not used anymore when she gets married. A wife will use her husband’s surname. For instance, the readers of The Diamond Necklace only know Mathilde’s surname as Loisel. It was from her husband, Monsieur Loisel. She was usually called Madame Loisel.
  2. In a family, a man usually works and a woman usually stays at home. In The Diamond Necklace, Monsieur Loisel worked as a little clerk of the Ministry of Public Instruction. On the other hand, Madame Loisel didn’t work.

b.   Gender

Madame Loisel was different from Monsieur Loisel in gender. It could happen since both of them had different socialization process, gender identity, social structure of family, education, and gender-power relationships.

c.   The Person is Political

Madame Loisel was a smart-political woman. She could make Monsieur Loisel gave her four hundred francs to buy her a pretty gown when he actually wanted to use his money to buy a gun and treat himself to a little shooting next summer on the plain of Nanterre. Madame Loisel could also make Madame Forestier lent her a diamond necklace. When it lost, she told her that it was repaired so that she had time to look for the diamond necklace.

d.   Oppression

Madame Loisel wanted to live her life in luxurious but unfortunately she was born as a poor woman. She thought that a beautiful woman like her should be rich. She tried to do anything to come to the party. She wanted to look more beautiful so that she asked her husband to buy a pretty gown and she borrowed a diamond necklace from Madame Forestier.

e.   Important of Values

1)     Mutuality

Madame Forestier helped Madame Loisel by lending her diamond necklace.

2)     Cooperation

Madame Loisel worked to aid Monsieur Loisel in earning money after losing Madame Forestier’s diamond necklace. They helped each other to get much money to return the necklace.

3)     Equality

Both Monsieur and Madame Loisel worked to earn money to return Madame Forestier’s diamond necklace.

4)     Democratic Use of Power

Although Madame Loisel helped Monsieur Loisel in working, she didn’t work as hard as him.

5)     Peace

Monsieur Loisel wasn’t angry to Madame Loisel when she told him that she lost Madame Forestier’s necklace. On the other hand, he looked for it anywhere anytime.

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